Tuesday, August 03, 2010

What's the Difference Between ADHD and ADD?

What's the Difference Between ADHD and ADD
The terms ADHD and ADD are often used interchangeably. Though similar, there are some subtle differences which set these conditions apart from each other.

ADD is actually a subset of ADHD, or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. ADHD is the umbrella term most medical professionals use for the condition. Just as the term "autism" is used to cover a number of behaviors and symptoms because it is easier than calling each by an individual name, such is the case with ADHD.

Generally, the term ADD is used when individuals do not display hyperactivity behaviors. There are some other major differences in the types of ADHD. Recognizing symptoms can help doctors and parents achieve a more refined diagnosis.

1. ADHD, Predominantly Inattentive Type: This is the form of the disease most commonly referred to as ADD. Symptoms include inability to sustain attention, making careless mistakes due to distractions, and avoiding tasks that require concentration.

2. ADHD, Predominantly Hyperactive-Impulsive Type: Symptoms of this particular condition include excessive talking, fidgeting, restlessness, interrupting others, and being constantly in motion.

3. ADHD, Combined Type: In these cases, individuals have a combination of symptoms.

Those with the type of ADHD classified as ADD may be misunderstood and originally considered shy. They also may experience co-existing emotional conditions, such as depression or anxiety. They may have trouble making friends, but experience close emotional bonds with friends they do make.

On the other hand, individuals with ADHD are often diagnosed earlier because hyperactivity is easily recognizable. They may attract a lot of attention and friends, but have difficulty maintaining relationships.

Some symptoms are shared by all kinds of ADHD, including: Lack of organizational skills, easily misplacing items, difficulty in school, low self-esteem, poor social skills, and relationship problems.

Depending on symptoms, doctors and therapists will develop a plan to enable ADHD patients to better focus and be more successful in daily activities.

CAPTION: Those with ADHD often have difficulty throughout school and at work. However, with proper treatment, symptoms can be managed.

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